How Coffee Is Grown
September 22, 2016
This is something that coffee lovers need to know, whether you plan on having your own coffee harvest or not someday in the future. Before you walk into your usual cafe, you need to have an insight on how the cup of your favorite coffee came to be and which specific beans were picked to give you the taste and flavor variety that you’re looking for. A coffee break can be the best part of your day, and it makes it that much more complete to learn about how coffee is grown and the process in which it is cultivated.
Where the coffee is grown:
Coffee lovers ought to understand that all forms of Java, including espresso, come from the bean of the plant itself, which in actuality are literal berries and are harvested in different regions throughout the world. The largest coffee producing region is Brazil, and most of the harvesting areas are near to the equator because of the humidity and climate that is conducive to the cultivation of the plant. You can expect to see your Java coming from Central America, Africa, India, Indonesia, Northern South America, Hawaii, and the Middle East. Obviously, the climate plays a big part because there is no Java that hails from France or England, for example.
The two varieties of the bean itself are Arabica and Robusta, with Arabica being preferred as the more gourmet variety for 70% of all production of Java harvest, while Robusta is the lesser quality bean that has a higher caffeine content. Java itself does need to be harvested at 15 to 24 degree Celsius in a temperate climate without too many changes in the conditions to make the beans able to thrive perfectly. During the harvesting process, the area of production needs to be well drained and aerated with deep and rich soils to give the plant all of the nutrients that it needs to thrive. The plant itself can only grow well with a generous oxygen supply to the roots, which is the reason that the soil used for Java growing is aerated to allow oxygen to get to the root system continually.
During the growing conditions of these Java plants, rainfall is key, and if the region is not experienced enough rainfall, then the soil of the plant is then irrigated to give it the necessary moisture. Coffee cultivation is preferred at much higher altitudes at least over 3,000 feet where mist and cloud covering can be used to give even more moisture and shelter to the plant itself. This higher altitude process does take longer because there is less oxygen at higher elevations, so the maturation of the plant is slower, allowing for the flavor to develop more deeply. This is what you would call optimal coffee harvesting conditions, simply because the berries on the plant have the covering and the time to develop slowly for the best taste that you can imagine.
The plant itself does take five years to grow and harvest the first crop, which will then yield 1 pound of coffee beans. However, the time it takes to grow the plant will be determined by the type of climate you intend to plant the coffee in, sunshine, shade and rain.
What makes one coffee better than the other:
If you are a coffee lover, then you must have noticed that coffees don’t have the same taste. It is because of this reason that each pack of coffee has a different price. There are a number of factors that blend together to make coffee flavorful. The factors include a rich volcanic soil. The altitude should also be fairly moderated to make it suitable for the quality of the bean.
The attention, pride and dedication farmers give to the coffee can also be the reason why one coffee is better than the other. So apart from great climate—sunny in the morning hours and rainy in the afternoon—the love you show the coffee crop can help a coffee grower have the best quality drink.
That’s how easy growing coffee is. And once your coffee is ready, you can either choose to harvest by handpicking or by machine stripping. Whichever method you find suitable, only pick the ripe cherries.