Category: All About Coffee

Roasting Coffee In Oven

Unlike tea, coffee must be roasted. However, coffee is regularly roasted at home without any special equipment. Although there are various home coffee roasters that have come with new technologies, most coffee lovers have forgotten how easy coffee roasting can be. Here is all you need to know about coffee roasting in an oven.

The supplies you need

A decent oven that can reach higher temperatures is desirable. You will need a cookie sheet or a baking tray and a stop watch to time your process. The temperatures will also demand an oven mitt. A Wooden spoon should be in your list of requirements and a metal colander for cooling. If you live in a hot climate, get a bottle with mist spray and have green coffee beans with you.

Preparing The roast

While you prepare the coffee roast, you can turn on the oven at a high temperature. Exact temperature to turn will vary with the oven and whether you are using electricity or gas. For gas, try 475F and for electric,500F will be fine for a start.

This method works best if you use a baking pan. However, you need to be careful not to use one with a large hole. Some beans usually fall into holes then expand during roasting. Spread green beans over the holes and ensure they are 1 bean deep and touching. They shouldn’t be stack on top of each other.

You should also be ready for the smoke that will be produced during your roasting. The darker the roast and the more coffee you roast the more smoke you will get. The ventilation on your oven may not be enough. So you will need to open windows and turn on fans.

You should have an exit strategy. Your beans will be extremely hot and have chaff on them when they come out of the oven. The most important task here is to cool them as fast as possible. It is advisable that you create a path from the oven to outside where you will cool them and get rid of the chaff.

Monitoring The roast

Once you place your coffee into the oven, you will need to learn how to monitor them. Start the timer once everything is in place. The coffee will change colors. It will go from green to yellow then to light brown before in goes to a darker brown. When monitoring roasting, color is of great importance. It will help you not burn coffee.

Some beans, especially those on outside edges, may roasting faster than the rest because not all trays or ovens are similar. Pull your coffee out and stir it with your wooden spoon if you notice unevenness. You should then quickly place beans back. This should not be repeated more than twice since temperature drops when you open the oven.

Listening to The roast

Apart from just observing colors, listening is also important. The first crack is normal when roasting. When you roast long enough, you will hear a second crack. The first crack normally produces a popping sound. These cracks then fade. The second crack is a crackle sound. You may decide to end it here depending on how you like the coffee. But if you like darker roast then you can allow it to go a little bit longer.

Stopping the roast and cooling the beans

You can now stop the oven and remove your beans once they have reached a desired roast. You should also expect a cloud of smoke. So this doesn’t mean that you have burnt your beans. Simply take them to where you had planned to cool it.

Dump them into the metal colander from the tray. You may have to slightly spray mist Water to cool them down if you live in a very warm climate area. These beans should not be drenched. Instead, the water should evaporate immediately. This is why most people roast their beans in the morning just to cool them faster and better.

Once they are in the colander, shake them gently. In this case, you can use metal colanders and pass the beans back and forth. This has also been the best way most coffee lovers knock off chaff from the beans.

How Coffee Is Grown

This is something that coffee lovers need to know, whether you plan on having your own coffee harvest or not someday in the future. Before you walk into your usual cafe, you need to have an insight on how the cup of your favorite coffee came to be and which specific beans were picked to give you the taste and flavor variety that you’re looking for. A coffee break can be the best part of your day, and it makes it that much more complete to learn about how coffee is grown and the process in which it is cultivated.

Where the coffee is grown:

Coffee lovers ought to understand that all forms of Java, including espresso, come from the bean of the plant itself, which in actuality are literal berries and are harvested in different regions throughout the world. The largest coffee producing region is Brazil, and most of the harvesting areas are near to the equator because of the humidity and climate that is conducive to the cultivation of the plant. You can expect to see your Java coming from Central America, Africa, India, Indonesia, Northern South America, Hawaii, and the Middle East. Obviously, the climate plays a big part because there is no Java that hails from France or England, for example.

Growing:
The two varieties of the bean itself are Arabica and Robusta, with Arabica being preferred as the more gourmet variety for 70% of all production of Java harvest, while Robusta is the lesser quality bean that has a higher caffeine content. Java itself does need to be harvested at 15 to 24 degree Celsius in a temperate climate without too many changes in the conditions to make the beans able to thrive perfectly. During the harvesting process, the area of production needs to be well drained and aerated with deep and rich soils to give the plant all of the nutrients that it needs to thrive. The plant itself can only grow well with a generous oxygen supply to the roots, which is the reason that the soil used for Java growing is aerated to allow oxygen to get to the root system continually.

During the growing conditions of these Java plants, rainfall is key, and if the region is not experienced enough rainfall, then the soil of the plant is then irrigated to give it the necessary moisture. Coffee cultivation is preferred at much higher altitudes at least over 3,000 feet where mist and cloud covering can be used to give even more moisture and shelter to the plant itself. This higher altitude process does take longer because there is less oxygen at higher elevations, so the maturation of the plant is slower, allowing for the flavor to develop more deeply. This is what you would call optimal coffee harvesting conditions, simply because the berries on the plant have the covering and the time to develop slowly for the best taste that you can imagine.

The plant itself does take five years to grow and harvest the first crop, which will then yield 1 pound of coffee beans. However, the time it takes to grow the plant will be determined by the type of climate you intend to plant the coffee in, sunshine, shade and rain.

What makes one coffee better than the other:
If you are a coffee lover, then you must have noticed that coffees don’t have the same taste. It is because of this reason that each pack of coffee has a different price. There are a number of factors that blend together to make coffee flavorful. The factors include a rich volcanic soil. The altitude should also be fairly moderated to make it suitable for the quality of the bean.

The attention, pride and dedication farmers give to the coffee can also be the reason why one coffee is better than the other. So apart from great climate—sunny in the morning hours and rainy in the afternoon—the love you show the coffee crop can help a coffee grower have the best quality drink.

That’s how easy growing coffee is. And once your coffee is ready, you can either choose to harvest by handpicking or by machine stripping. Whichever method you find suitable, only pick the ripe cherries.

Can Coffee help weight loss?

You probably have noticed that coffee/caffeine has become a major portion in a number popular fat-burning stacks and diet pills. You probably have also heard professionals suggest you take coffee or perhaps other beverages rich in caffeine to help lose some kilos. However, can it really assist in weight loss?

Definitely yes. It majorly helps in 2 ways:

1. BOOSTS YOUR METABOLISM
Consuming caffeine sort of jumpstarts lipolysis, it is when the body lets go of fatty acids that are free to bloodstream. This happens when the body is digesting the stores of fat to turn into energy. Simply put, caffeine enhances your metabolism a bit and assists you to burn some fat.

2. GIVES YOU ENERGY BOOST
The one thing people know of coffee/caffeine is that it’s a stimulant. It boosts alertness and keeps drowsiness temporarily at bay, meaning you are able to perform particular tasks longer.

This, however, isn’t limited only to tasks of the mind. It also is inclusive of physical tasks, the likes of running, lifting weights too. This means some small caffeine shot gives you the power needed to give your 100% during workout. Which means quicker results.

So, since we’ve deduced caffeine’s role in your loss of weight, that leads us on to the following question.

JUST HOW MUCH NEEDED?
This can get quite elusive to answer, because different persons react differently to caffeine. Some drink one coffee cup and get all buzzed up for ages. Others can take severa27107921752_70fcc8ebc3l cups all day and show very tiny effect.

If you do not take a lot of coffee regularly, then a few hundred milligrams are likely to produce significant effects. Probably start with around 100 milligrams and see what proceeds, afterwards add it to around 200 milligrams. A 50 millivram increase can be made if little effect is felt.

You can acquire caffeine in different ways, such as:

  • Majorly Coffee.
  • Pills
  • Tea
  • Various foods
  • Energy drinks
  • Soaps and Shampoos(No kidding!)

CAFFEINE IS GREAT – BE CAUTIOUS THOUGH.
We’ve discovered that coffee can help your effort towards weight-loss. Certain mistakes can however be made, the likes of.

ACQUIRING CAFFEINE THROUGH HIGH-CALORIE OR SUGARY DRINKS
If you’ are acquiring your caffeine from a sugary drink or high-calorie coffee (like cappuccino), you are doing more bad than good. Just stick to black coffee or caffeine pills.

TAKING TOO MUCH OF IT.
Excessive caffeine is bad for your health. Your heart could start racing, you could start feeling quite jittery as well. If you are not a regular caffeine consumer, then start with tiny amounts and see how you react. And even though you’re used, be 100% sure you do not overdose.

IN CONCLUSION
If you aren’t currently taking, you don’t really have to start. You can lose weight pretty good without it.

However, if already taking coffee regularly, you can go on doing it. It proves more beneficial – and it gives you a bit of an edge at the gym – keep enjoying caffeine. But be do it moderately to avoid addiction.

THE SCIENCE PARTICULARLY BEHIND COFFEE.
Coffee,extract of Green beans to be precise, contains some caffeine.

A number of studies have proven that caffeine has the ability boost your metabolism by even up to 3-11%

However, the core active portion/ingredient is, by scientists, believed being chlorogenic acid.

Some studies made in humans bring forth the suggestion that it has the capacity to reduce carbohydrates absorption from your digestive tract, lowering blood sugar levels as well as spikes of insulin.

If this by any chance is true, that means taking coffee bean (green) extract would be similar to consuming a slightly lowered diet of starch.

Other studies (performed in rats and mice) have proved chlorogenic acid has the ability to reduce your body weight, to reduce the fat taken in from your diet, to reduce fat harbored in your liver as well as to improve function of adiponectin, the fat burning hormone.

Chlorogenic acid as well, has been depicted to critically improve triglyceride and cholesterol levels in the rats. Such are crucial risk factors for heart disease.

My Verdict
It is evident from the above discussion that coffee helps with weight loss. Therefore, a cup of coffee can help you shed that extra fat. I hope future studies will be more conclusive on this subject.

French Press Coffee

Coffee is a common drink. It is often taken in the morning more than any other time of the day. The preparation method differs for everyone, though. Technology, however, comes to our aid with all types of appliances and coffee making is not left behind either.

French press coffee is considered the ultimate coffee maker. It is low tech, simple to use and makes very rich coffee. The appliance can be used in an office or back at home and the effort put in preparing the coffee makes all the difference in the taste and feel. Coffee seeds vary in quality and taste but any type you buy brews well regardless of what coffee for French press you use.

Being an appliance that has a worldwide appeal to all coffee lovers, it goes with different names depending on the location of use. Coffee Plunger, Melior, Press Port, and Bodum are some of the common names used to describe the French press coffee in some countries.

Just as any other appliance or apparatus ever made, the French Press Coffee has undergone a great transformation over the years to improve its efficiency so at to continue providing rich, tasty coffee. Previously made of stainless steel only, the modern version presents a narrow beaker with glass and clear plastic being the prominent features.

How to Prepare Coffee in a French Press Coffee

Several steps are involved in preparing coffee using this appliance. However, before that is done, the appliance needs to be clean. You cannot achieve consistent taste and flavor if you keep recycling coffee in it without cleaning it thoroughly.

Coffee preparation is a repeat process. If you get the actual steps right the first time, then you will not have to worry much about accuracy in subsequent preparations. Measurements can be by either weight or volume. The former is much more accurate since you use a scale rather than a spoon. But ideally, you can still achieve great taste if the coffee to water French ratio press is within recommended instructions.

You need the following to prepare coffee using the French Press Coffee:

• Coffee4830367442_471e3d1679
• Grinder
• Kettle
• Scale
• Spoon
• Timer

Ideal preparation time is between 3 to 6 minutes.

Step 1 – Heat some water ahead of grinding the coffee. Recommended water to coffee ratio is 10:1.

Step 2 – Let the water sit for about 30 seconds before pouring it into the coffee. This is important to observe so that a lower water temperature of about 200° F is realized, as it is suitable for brewing. This water is poured in stages and consideration to the ratio of coffee inside the appliance. After that, use a wooden spoon to stir gently so that a complete mixture of the two can be achieved.

Step 3 – Add the remaining water then fix the plunger on top to minimize heat loss. Let it stay on for about four minutes (monitor your timer) before gently pushing it down. This helps filter grounds form coffee. Immediately after this, pour out the coffee into a cup otherwise, it continues brewing and turns bitter.

Note – when pressing the plunger down, some minimal resistance should be felt. A hard press means a fine grind which will likely seep through to the top. Therefore, the grind should be coarse instead. No resistance, on the other hand, means you need a finer grind.

Coffee Preparation Time and Variations of French Press Coffee

The ideal time for preparing coffee in this appliance is 4 minutes tops. However, you can achieve similar results with ranges of between 3 minutes to 6 minutes. This variation is largely due to personal preferences and what coffee for French press used. However, as mentioned earlier, the location of preparation also has some influence – the circumstances you face while preparing coffee in an office are quite different from those back at home or say a campsite.

The French Press Coffee appliances come in different variations considering users have different needs. Travelers, Hikers, backpackers all have their versions of the appliance designed to suit their outdoor needs. The very light and tough plastic ones appeal to them more than the conventional models.

Hot coffee has the best taste and flavor. Coffee made is considered to go bad after about 20 minutes, so the faster it has consumed, the better. Sediments are likely to settle at the bottom, so it is advisable not to gulp it down to the last drop if you want the last sip to taste just as good as the first sip.

Learning to Prepare Coffee using the French Press Coffee

Coffee preparation instructions might be as clear and straightforward, but there is a learning curve to brewing the best coffee. It is easy to make obvious mistakes right from the start from grinding, to using the right water amount and the overall preparation timing.

If your coffee does not come out right, consider troubleshooting with the following pointers:

Do not boil too much water, and even if you boil the right amount, do not let it wait too long before pouring it onto the coffee. Observe the coffee to water ratio French press.
Play around with the grind, too fine a grind makes for bitter coffee while a coarse grind weakens the taste.
Prepare enough coffee. More will stay in the appliance and it can become quite strong. Leftover can be transferred to a different storage to keep it hot longer.
Thick sediments could be a sign of a damaged filter or accumulated sediments. Keep checking if this is the case.
Clean up after every use otherwise, sediments and unfinished coffee accumulates and spoils the taste of fresh coffee.

In conclusion, the French press coffee is a great appliance for preparing coffee as it gives a very rich taste of coffee if it is prepared to recommend specifications. Its pocket-friendly, very easy to use and comes in handy if you want to have a tasty coffee in the comfort of your home or office, rather than buying a cup from your local coffee shop.

Have You Tried Coffee With ___________ ?

Putting cream, ice cream, butter or coconut oil into any food may not be a completely new concept but it may be new when putting them into coffee. In Asia to be precise Tibet, you may be offered coffee, where the ingredients of the coffee are black pepper, salt and butter.

Still in Asia, in Singapore, you may be offered coffee where the ingredients are low quality coffee beans that has been stir fried with butter before being filtered into your cup.

The motive and belief behind these coffee drinks is that they will offer you unlimited energy throughout the day especially coffee that has butter in it.

Let’s see how different types of coffee are like coffee with cream, ice cream, coconut oil, butter among other ingredients are made. Our research will definitely surprise you. Keep reading. Here is the list for you.

Butter – If you want to kick start your day full of energy then you should try this type of coffee that originates from Tibet. The belief behind it is that it will energizes your body during your daily activities. Wellness experts have come up with the original recipe and they have called it bulletproof coffee. The bulletproof coffee also has other ingredients hence butter isn’t the only ingredient. The inspiration behind the bulletproof tea is from the Tibetan yak butter tea. It was sometimes used as a replacement for breakfast.

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Ice Cream – Now this is a sweet coffee. If you have woken up with a bad mood, I recommend that you try to take this type of coffee in the morning. Just imagine a scoop of creamy ice cream floating and dilly dallying on top of your coffee in the morning. It is usually taken as a desert drink. The Germans call this type of coffee Eiskaffee.

Coconut Milk – Tired of regular milk coffee? Why not try coconut milk coffee. It may be pleasant to some people but to those people who are adventurous why not try it out. It will provide you with an interesting and awesome alternative to regular milk. You can also mix it with a vanilla extract.

Vanilla Extract – Do want to sweeten your coffee without adding any sugar to it? Just add a few drops of vanilla extract to it. if you want a different taste to your vanilla coffee, you can also add almond extract.

Cream- If you want your coffee to have cream on it, then try making your coffee using milk directly gotten from a cow. Don’t use packaged milk of processed milk, just milk directly from a cow. The coffee you will have will contain a lot of cream.

Cardamom – Coffee from the Middle East. Cardamom will give your coffee an exotic flavor. If you love coffee but don’t like its stimulating effects of caffeine, then try taking coffee with cardamom as an ingredient. it has a medicinal property called Ayurvedic.

Cinnamon – If you are a sugar person and a regular cream person and a bit adventurous, you should try switching up your routine of taking coffee by adding cinnamon to your coffee.

This will help you save a few calories per cup hence you will be checking your sugar level and also checking on your weight. In the end, you will be healthy due to cutting on your sugar intake.

Cinnamon also boosts your immune system. This type of coffee is called Mexican drink café de olla.

Another type of coffee that contains many ingredients like coconut milk, MCT oil, butter and cream is called bulletproof coffee. It was a term coined by Asprey David.

Due to it providing energy during the day, many people have started to take as part of their rituals in the morning. People with Paleo diet are the people who use it most.

One ingredient that is peculiar and odd in bulletproof coffee is MCT oil, a common supplement and ingredient that is all and fully naturally from oils of coconut and palms that have been compressed.

Coffee with MCT oil works just like coffee that contains butter, it will provide you with energy for the full day. If you don’t like MCT oil you could use butter instead as they have same impact if interchanged.

Coffee Vs Tea

Coffee or tea? Most people believe that tea is more healthy compared to coffee. On the contrary, both are health beneficial since they contain antioxidants. Antioxidants are phytochemicals that aid in protecting tissues against oxidants. Coffee being the most consumed among the two beverages while tea falls in second.
Tea and coffee are healthy caloric-free beverages and they help in protection against various diseases. Tea is further divided into black and green tea, which is considered the healthier one among the two. Both add to nutritional value to your health since they are oxidants. Tea contains flavonoids while as coffee on the other hand contains quinines and chlorogenic acid as well as trigonelline which gives coffee its aroma.

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Coffee vs tea caffeine content
Caffeine is a mild stimulant which affects brain activity and makes you hyperactive. It was first discovered in tea and the caffeine content in both beverages is closely similar. However, in tea it’s lower since it undergoes lower periods of processing unlike coffee and is more dilute. Tea also has higher antioxidants which lowers the caffeine effects in tea. Caffeine and L-theanine in tea help in reducing stress and brings about relaxation of the mind and body.
It is true that tea leaves contain more caffeine compared to coffee berries but the brewed products from the two, have reversed caffeine content. The amounts of caffeine in both beverages is dependent on several factors. This include roasting, grinding and brewing time. Intake of too much caffeine is not healthy, therefore if you consume more than 500gms a day, you should cut down.
Coffee and tea have their benefits as well as since coffee contains more caffeine it is considered a stronger stimulant and thus more effective. Caffeine effects on health related cases is neutral and doesn’t really cause all such trouble as presumed by people.
Coffee vs tea acidity
Coffee and tea both have effects on acidity which results to heartburns. This is the irritation of the esophagus or weakening of the lower esophagus sphincter which prevents backward flow of stomach contents that cause acidity. Caffeine is one of the substances that triggers acidity and is found in both tea and coffee. However, the amount in each is what determines how much effect it brings forward. Like earlier said, caffeine content in coffee is a bit higher and as much as it causes heartburns, it is not a definite cause of acidity. This could also be as a result of other substances found within coffee that lead to acidity issues.
As for tea, it’s also not clear how it causes acidity problems since not all tea drinkers suffer from acidity. In processing of tea, it does not undergo much of this process unlike coffee. Green tea contains less caffeine compared to black tea. There’s not a conclusive result that tea and coffee really do interfere with gastro-esophageal reflux but to be on the safe side, consume organic tea and coffee which have lower caffeine content and will still do justice to your body health.
Why is coffee better than tea?
A hot cup of tea is delicious but when it gets cold, can’t really say the same. On the other hand, coffee, whether hot or cold, it still retains its tasty qualities and that’s why most people prefer coffee to tea. It also comes in a variety of flavors and you can enjoy wide ranges of coffee-based drinks such as latte, Frappuccino, etc. however you would like. It is also possible to do latte art on coffee and still taste brilliant.
Medically, both are known to prevent type 2 diabetes and heart diseases and help in protecting cells against free radicals that may result to cancer related health issues. It also helps you in the morning to start up as well as be energetic and it rejuvenates your body and mind while tea is more like a relaxer. It is also known to reduce stress and chances of developing depression which often leads to suicidal thoughts and is a good weight loss drink to add onto your diet. Whether tea or coffee, both are health beneficial, but we can say coffee beats tea since it is a more effective stimulant.

Types of coffee beans

When the word coffee is mentioned, a majority of us immediately picture a hot, black or caramel colored liquid in a mug or cup that stimulates our brain. The word can also be used to refer to the primary substance used to make the drink. The element is known as the coffee beans.
types of coffee bean

Mother nature provided us with two major types of coffee beans:

1. Robusta coffee
2. Arabica coffee

Of the two, the Arabica parent plant is easier to grow, since it requires little maintenance and is resistant to some diseases. Over 70 percent of all the coffee beans sold worldwide are Arabica. While Robusta coffee may not be resistant to diseases, it offers higher quality beans that have a more pleasing flavor and aromatic qualities.

It is said, there are so many types of beans in the modern world, below are a few of the famous beans:

• Benghalensis
• Coffee congensis
• Coffee liberica
• Coffee stenophylla
• Coffee bonnieri
• Coffee gallienii
• Coffee mogeneti

These coffee types hardly make it to the export market and constitute a minuscule percentage to the overall proportion of coffee in the world.

History

Just a brief history of the two major types of coffee beans.

1. Arabica

A Swedish botanist who was known by the name Linnaeus, first discovered it. It was first found growing naturally in the Arabian Peninsula, in Ethiopia. Besides it being the most common coffee species that is grown for commercial purposes, it was the first specie of coffee to be cultivated. It is said that all the elegant, fancy and specialty coffee grades have their origins in the coffee Arabica species.

2. Robusta

A Dutch botanist, a native to the Republic of Congo, discovered it. It was the area known as East Java, which started the systematic breeding of this type of coffee. However, in the modern world, Vietnam is the number one producer of this kind of coffee.

Main differences in these coffee beans

Here are some of the differences between these two coffee beans

• Due to its high caffeine content, Robusta has been said to have a rubbery or burnt tire taste. Robusta carries 2.7 percent caffeine content while Arabica only has 1.5 percent.
• Arabica contains more sugar and higher lipid content. The figure stands at about 60 percent more lipids and a concentration of sugar that is double that of Robusta.
• As earlier stated, Robusta is more resistant to diseases and pests. Therefore, it produces a higher yield than Arabica. The overhead resistance in Robusta is attributed to its higher caffeine content, which is toxic to pests.
• On the market, green Robusta beans are almost half the price of green Arabica beans.
• Shape-wise, the Robusta beans are more rounded, while Arabica beans are oval.
• The parent plant of the Robusta beans grows to a height of between 4.5 to 6 meters, while that of Arabica grows to between 2.5 to 4.5 meters.
• In regards to the content of Chlorogenic acid or CGA, Robusta contains 7 to10 percent while Arabica contains 5.5 to 8 percent. The plants use this acid as one of their defenses against insects.
• The percentage differences regarding worldwide growth is about 75 percent Robusta, while Arabica takes a thee remaining chunk of 25 percent.
• Robusta thrives at lower altitudes than Arabica. Arabica must be grown at 3,000 feet above sea level. On the other hand, Robusta grows at 2,000 feet above sea level.

Cultivars

The word is used to refer to plant varieties that have been produced in cultivation through methods such as selective breeding. The most common Arabica varieties are Var.Bourbon and Var.Typica. The var.typica is the older of the two and forms the foundation around which the other numerous variations emerged. Both of these cultivars originated from the native forests of southwestern Ethiopia.

• Var.Bourbon

It was first cultivated on the French-controlled island of Bourbon, whose name was later changed to Reunion. Besides Var.Typica, bourbon is the second most commercialized variety of coffee Arabica. Quite a number of Latin-American coffees can be traced back to this particular cultivar. The Bourbon variety contains a greater diversity in its genetics compared to the Var.Typica variety. The main reason behind this is, the Var.Typica variety is born from just one plant.

• Var.Typica

It is native to Ethiopia and is both the oldest and most famous of all the coffee varieties. It has limitations regarding low yields but on the other hand, it makes an excellent cup of coffee. Some of the top Latin American coffees are from this variety. The parent plant of this variety can grow to 3.5 meters or even 4 meters in height.

The Lifecycle

Before the coffee beans end up as a hot drink in your cup or mug, they go through quite an exciting process.

• Harvesting

It comes after the maintenance and ripening of the cherries. The farmers do harvesting manually.

• Sorting

After the cherries have been harvested, they are sorted. The method employed during picking depends on the outcome of the required taste.

• Processing

There are two types of processing:

1. Dry processing
2. Wet processing

Dry processing involves exposing the cherries to the sun followed by the removal of pulp and the dried skin. The process can last for up to two weeks, and the beans require constant raking, to eliminate the development of mildew.

Wet processing involves placing the cherries in water and the defective ones are sorted out. The defective ones are those that float. Thereafter, the cherries are processed through a machine, it is a machine that only allows the seed and some pulp through its holes in order to press the cherries. The pulp is then removed leaving only beans, which are dried, to about 10 or 12 percent moisture.

Hulling

It involves removal of the parchment layer from the soaked beans. For this process a machine is usually used.

Polishing

Any silver skin that may be left after hulling is gotten rid of during the polishing process.

Sorting

The beans are sorted based on their size and weight. They then are checked for any defects, and those with even the slightest deformity are discarded. Once they make it through this process, the coffee beans are called green beans.

Roasting

The roasting process is done at 500 degrees Fahrenheit. The beans have to be in constant motion to avoid burning. After they are roasted, they are immediately cooled with the use of air or water.
Once all this is done, they are packed and sent to the market.

Final thoughts

Now that you know so much about the types of coffee beans that are available, it is my sincere hope that you will enjoy the drink even more.